Prambanan dedicated to Trimurti (Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva) is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia and one of the largest Hindu temple in southeast Asia.
It is an example of contemporary Hindu architecture with a 47 meter high central building inside a large complex of individual temples.
The temple was built in 9th century by Rakai Pikatan of Mataram Kingdom. The temple complex was aggressively expanded by successive kings of the empire.
The present name, Prambanan is probably a corrupted Javanese pronunciation of "Para Brahman meaning "The Supreme Brahman" Originally, the compound consisted of 240 temples of which very few remain and are in a very bad state of health.
The innermost compound of the complex houses the Shiva temple, which is the tallest and the largest structure of the complex.
After reconstruction of main temples in 1990s, Prambanan once again became an important religious center for Hindu rituals and ceremonies in Indonesia.
Prambanan Temple Compounds
Candi Prambanan or Candi Rara Jonggrang is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). The temple compound is located approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta on the boundary between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces.
Originally there were a total of 240 temples standing in Prambanan. The Prambanan Temple Compound consist of:
3 Trimurti temples: three main temples dedicated to Shiva, Visnu, and Brahma
3 Vahana temples: three temples in front of Trimurti temples dedicated to the vahana of each gods; Nandi, Garuda, and Hamsa
2 Apit temples: two temples located between the rows of Trimurti and Vahana temples on north and south side
4 Kelir temples: four small shrines located on 4 cardinal directions right beyond the 4 main gates of inner zone
4 Patok temples: four small shrines located on 4 corners of inner zone
224 Pervara temples: hundreds of temples arranged in 4 concentric square rows; numbers of temples from inner row to outer row are: 44, 52, 60, and 68