Badrinath Temple, also called Badrinarayan Temple, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu which is situated in the town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand, India. The temple and town form one of the four Char Dham and Chota Char Dhampilgrimage sites.
The temple is also one of the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshiped as Badrinath holy shrines for Vaishnavites. It is open for six months every year, between the end of April and the beginning of November, because of extreme weather conditions in the Himalayan region.
The temple is located in Garhwal hilltracks in Chamoli district along the banks of Alaknanda River at an elevation of 3,133 m (10,279 ft) above the mean sea level. It is one of the most visited pilgrimage centres of India, having recorded 1,060,000 visits.
The image of the presiding deity worshiped in the temple is a 1 m (3.3 ft) tall, black stone statue of Vishnu in the form of Badrinarayan. The statue is considered by many Hindus to be one of eight swayam vyakta kshetras, or self-manifested statues of Vishnu.
The most prominent festival held at Badrinath Temple is Mata Murti Ka Mela, which commemorates the descent of the riverGanges on mother earth. The mother of Badrinath, who is believed to have divided the river into twelve channels for the welfare of earthly beings, is worshiped during the festival. The place where the river flowed became the holy land of Badrinath.
The Badrinath Temple is situated on the banks of the Alaknanda River in the lap at theNarain Parvat, near a hot water spring-the Tapta Kund.
The temple was worshipped as a Buddhist temple, when King Ashoka was the ruler of India, but according toSkand Puran the idol of Lord Badrinath was recovered by Adiguru Shankaracharyafrom Narad Kund and was re-enshrined in the 8th century A.D. in this temple.
The idol of Lord Vishnu (Badri Nath) is made of black stone (Shaligram) and seated in a Padmasan Posture. Devotees can see the idol of Lord Badri Nath as Brahma,Vishnu, Mahesh, Hanuman, Kali or Guru, in what so ever form they wish to see the almighty, all pervading and all in one.
The temple is divided into three parts. The garbh griha in which the idol of Lord Badrinath is seated in the inner part of this place and canopy covered with gold sheet. Second part is known as Darshan Mandap in which puja ceremonies are performed. Third part is the Sabha Mandap, which is an outer hall, where devotees wait for darshan of Lord Badrinath.
Darshan of Lord Badrinath is available in Sabha Mandap at 6:30 A.M. to 13:00 Noon and 4:00 P.M. to 9:00 P.M.
The Badri Kedar festival is celebrated during the month of June in both the temple badrinath and the Kedarnath temple. The festival lasts for eight days; artists from all over the country perform during the function