Chennakesava Perumal Temple is a Hindu temple situated in the city of Chennai, India. Dedicated to Chennakesava Perumal, a manifestation of the Hindu God Vishnu and the patron deity of Chennai, the temple is the first to be built since the construction of Madras city by the British East India Company.
Chennapattanam was named after the Chenna Kesava Perumal Temple; the word chenni in Tamil means face, and the temple was regarded as the face of the city
Chenna kesava perumal temple is also called as patnam perumal temple. The Town temple [Pattnam kovil] perhaps was the first temple to be built in the town of Chennapatnam, just across from the northern walls of Madraspatnam yet it would not have been a smooth affair.
Besides the grant of the Council, Manali Muthukrishna Mudaliyar contributed 5,202 pagodas, and subscriptions from the congregation amounted to 15,652 pagodas.
With this the work on the Chennakesava Perumal temple began in 1767, was completed in 1780.
The city's regional name "Chennai" is said to have been derived from these temples.The Chennakesava Perumal Temple was constructed in 1646.
Chenna Kesava Perumal temple, located at Devaraja Mudali Street in Sowcarpet area of Chennai city, India, is one of the few tempels built with the aid from the British East India Company.
Chenna Kesava Perumal temple is very old. The original Chenna Kesava temple was located even in the 17th century AD in the location where the Madras High Court is currently located.
The British East India Company demolished this temple in 1757 AD. Due to public outcry, they donated land and some money to Manali Muttukrishna Mudaliar, who built the new Chenna Kesava Perumal temple in the year of 1762.
Along with this Vishnu temple, he also built a temple for Shiva - Chenna Malleeswarar temple, thus Chennai got twin temples.
There is a theory that the city Chennai was named after the Chenna Kesava Perumal temple. When the original temple was present, there were a lot of problems in Chennai such as invasion by French and Tipu Sultan.
The priests of the temple took the idols of Chenna Kesava to Tiruneermalai temple near Chennai.