It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite NayanarTirugnanasambandar.
The rays of Sun fall on the Lord in the month of Panguni, March-April. Generally Lord Vishnu is called Azhagar-handsome, as He is fond of dressing. Lord Shiva in Mahendrapalli is celebrated as handsome-Azhagar.
Sri Chandikeswara graces with his consort in the prakara. There is a separate shrine for Lord Sri Vinayaka with Ragu and Ketu on both sides. Lord Muruga graces from His shrine with His consorts Valli and Deivanai.
There are shrines of Sri Kasiviswanatha Mother Visalakshi, Meenakshi Sundareswarar, Bhairavar and Saneeswarar-Saturn, Sun and Moon. There is no shrine for Navagrahas- 9 planets in the temple.
Those suffering from the evil results of past birth (poorva janma karmas), those facing adverse effects due to Sun, Moon aspects in their horoscopes have a dip in the Brahmma theertha in the temple for remedies.
As the holy spring is attributed to Lord Brahmma the Creator, it is the faith of the people that Brahamma would amend the destiny of the devotee favourably. Devotees also pray for relief from snake aspects and to gain excellence in academic pursuit.
Saint Tirugnanasambandar has praised the Lord in his Thevaram hymns. The tower is clothed by the clouds, Mayendirapalli has many palaces, tanks with blossoming Lotus flowers where the Lord is on His bull vehicle. Let us all prostrate on His feet.This is the sixth temple on the northern bank of Cauvery River praised in Thevaram hymns.
Handsome Shiva is praised as Tirumeni Azhagar and Mother as Vadivambikai for their beauty. Saint Tirugnanasambandar addresses the Lord as Azhagar. Lord Vishnu in Madurai is also called Azhagar in Tamil and Sundararajan in Sanskrit.
Lord Shiva is Azhagar in this temple. Lord Brahmma, Sun and Moon had worshipped in this temple. During the month of Panguni (March-April) the rays of Sun fall on the Lord. On the side wall of Shriva Shrine, Lord Dakshinamurthy graces.
For his wrong desire on Akalika wife of Maharshi Gautama, Indira was cursed by the Rishi to have eyes throughout his body. He came to Earth and prayed to Lord Shiva for relief in many places and this is one among them. As Indira Maha Indira worshipped here the place came to be known as Mahendirapalli. A temple was erected here later.
Maha Shivrathri in February-March, Margazhi Tiruvadhirai in December-January. Panguni Uthiram in February-March and Tirukarthikai in November-December are the festivals celebrated in the temple.
The temple is open from 9.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and 6.00 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.