This is the birth place of saint Pattinathar. Lord Shiva is a swayambumurthy in the temple.
This is one of the 2 Shivastalams in the ancient Chola seashore capital of Poompuhaar, a popular tourist destination, the other one being Tiruchaaikkadu.
Pallavaneeswaram is the 10th in the series of Tevara Stalangal on the northern banks of the river Kaveri in the Chola region of Tamilnadu.
This is a small temple with a 5 tiered Rajagopuram and a single prakaram. A Pallava king's association with the temple lends the name Pallavaneswaram.
Pattinathaar believed to be an incarnation of Kubera is closely associated with Pallavaneeswaram and this association is commemorated during the annual Aadi festival.There is also a separate shrine for Pattinathaar here.
There are also shrines to Surya, Chandra, Saneeswara, Bhairavar and Nataraja.
There is also a separate shrine to Sambaapathi Amman, which is believed to have been worshipped by Madhavi and Manimekalai of the Sangam epics.
There is also an image of Subramaniar, said to have been recovered from the ocean. It is believed locally that this image is that of Subramaniar at Tiruchendur, which is said to have been carried away by Dutch sailors in 1648. Interestingly both Pallavaneeswaram and Tiruchaaikaadu bear similar legends associated with Indra, Sambaapathi Amman and Subramanyar.
The temple is facing the Bay of Bengal. All the planets in the Navagraha Mandap are facing the Lord-west. Lord Muruga graces with His consorts Valli and Deivanai in the prakara in a standing form. The peacock vehicle is absent in the shrine.
There are two Mothers Durga in the Prakara with demon Mahisha not seen under one Durga. There are two Chandikeswaras. River Cauvery enters the sea just near this place, hence the place is named Kaviri Puhum Pattinam. The present name of the place is Poompuhar.
There lived in this region a Shiva devotee couple Sivanesar and Gnanakamalambikai. They were blessed with a son named Tiruvenkadar. He was a marine trader. At 16, Tiruvenkadar married one Sivakalai but had no issues though years passed by.
To grace them, Lord Shiva was born to Siva Sarmar and Suseelai, a poor couple. The child was named Marudavanar. Lord Shiva appeared in their dream and advised them to give Marudavanar to Sivanesar in adoption.
Marudavanar, now the adopted son of Tiruvenkadar continued the marine trade of the family. Returning from his business travel one day, Marudavanar gave a box to the mother and left out. Tiruvenkadar anxiously opened the box to see the wealth brought by the son but was shocked to see the box containing a dung cake made with husk.
Throwing it in anger he found written on the cake,even a broken needle would not accompany the soul during the last journey. Tiruvenkadar learnt the truth and renounced his family life at once. He prayed to Lord Shiva to bless him with salvation. Lord appeared before him and assured that his wish would be granted at an appropriate time.
Vaikasi Visakam in May-June and Aadi Pattinathar Vizha in July-August are the festivals observed in the temple.
The temple is open from 6.30 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 4.30 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.