Parimala Ranganathar Perumal Temples or Tiruindaloor is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu, located in Mayiladuthurai, a town in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
It is one of the Divya Desams, the 108 temples of Vishnu revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars.This temple is along Kaveri and is one of the Pancharanga Kshetrams.
Indhu means moon. As perumal received Chandra (Moon) from his curse, this place is known as Indhaloor. Lord Narayana gave dharsan as Vennchudar perumal in the standing posture to the Moon god in Thalaisangaadu. But here at this place he is in Veera Sayanam posture.
There he was full of light being as Vyomajyothi piran. But here he is full of fragrance (Parimalam) and hence he is called as Parimala Rangan. He has 4 hands here.River Cauvery is under his feet here.
As he promised river Cauvery to increase here status, he made her as his bed at Srirangam, took her as his mother at Thirucherai and here at Thiru Indhaloor, he has taken river Cauvery above his head.
Thus gave her the status of river Ganges who is on the head of Lord Shiva.As the perumal of this place, converted the position of river Cauvery and Lord Chandra into a pious state, Thirumangaialwar calls him as a Brahmin.
Parimala Ranganathar is believed to have appeared for Chandra, the moon god. The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 5:30 a.m. to 9 p.m., and twelve yearly festivals.
Parmila Rangan Perumal Temple is a Pancha Ranga Kshetram. With Adhiseshan on top, Lord Parimala Rangan can be seen in a grand sleeping posture with 4 hands, Goddess Cauvery by the side of his head, to his right and Goddess Ganga by the side of his leg.
The temple is believed to be of significant antiquity with contributions at different times from Medieval Cholas,Vijayanagar Empire and Madurai Nayaks. The temple is enshrined within a granite wall and the complex contains all the shrines of the temple. The rajagopuram (the main gateway) has five tiers.
The central shrine is of the presiding deity Parimala Ranganathar made of 12 ft (3.7 m) green stone and is seen in a reclining posture facing east. The consort of Parimala Ranganathar is Parimala Ranganayaki, who is also called Chandrasaapa Vimochanavalli and Pudareekavalli
This is one the 108 Divyadesas of Lord Perumal. This is the place where the Ekadasi Fasting (11th day of full moon or new moon day) gained its special importance.
Moolavar : Parimala Ranganathar, Sugantha Vana Nathar
Amman / Thayar : Parimala Ranganayaki, Chandras Shaba Vimochana Valli
Theertham : Indu Pushkarini
Old year : 1000-2000 years old