is said to have been built by Kulothunga Chozha in 1073 AD during his 3rd year
of reign. According to inscriptions found here, this place was referred as Jayankonda Chozha Mandalathu Senkaattu Kottathu Maaganoor Naattu
Somangalamaana Rajasigaamani Chathurvedhi Mangalam. Those days the places gifted to Vedic Brahmins by ancient kings were called Chathurvedhi Mangalams.
inscriptions found in the temple also reveal the information about the local
lake which got damaged and about the repair works done to it. Also, there is
information about the cows donated to the temple to fetch revenue to light the
lamps in the temple, every evening.
a king called Somakaanthan in this part of the country, who wished to build 108
Shiva temples throughout his country. While he was in the middle of the construction
work for this temple, he had his enemies marching towards his territory for
war. The king was shocked to hear this, because he was never prepared for a war
at that time and had engaged all his soldiers in the temple construction work.
With much grief,
he prayed Lord Shiva here to save him. Lord Shiva was pleased with his devotion
in constructing the temple, directed Sri Nandhigeswarar to fight against the
kings enemy. Nandhi turned towards east and blew away the entire troupes of
the enemy just with his forceful breath. Lord Shiva made Nandhi to face east
permanently to make sure that there were no further attacks to the kings
country by enemies.
Here one can
see Nandhi unusually facing east instead of facing the Lord in the sanctum.
This is one of the very unique features of this temple.
Kamakshi Amman has a separate shrine in the temple, facing south.
Natarajar here is present as Chathura Thaandava Murthy which is again very
unique and rarely seen anywhere.
is built in Gajabrishta shape or Thoongaanai Maadam type which is popular in Chozha
architecture. Such structures would look like the back of a sleeping elephant.
Vinayagar, Sri Dhakshinamurthy, Sri Mahavishnu, Sri Brahma, Sri Durgai and Sri
Sandigeswarar are seen on the outer walls of the sanctum. The other
deities like Sri Valli Devasena Samedha Sri Subramanyar and Sri Bhairavar have
separate shrines on the outer praakaaram.
Viruksham for this temple is Sarakkonrai Maram which is found on the northern
side of the sanctum. There is a small shrine having small Shiva Lingam below
this tree and is called Viruksha Lingam. An image of a tree is carved on stone
above this Lingam.
dilapidated idols are seen near Sthala Viruksham. In the
southern side of the outer Praakaaram Saptha Maathaas are seen in a row along
the walls, in which Sri Jyeshta Devi is also present. Sri Jyeshta Devi is said
to be the elder sister of Sri Mahalakshmi, who evolved earlier to Sri
Mahalakshmi when the mighty ocean was churned.
Theertham for this temple is said to be Sandeeswara Theertham, which is
believed to be created by Sri Sandigeswarar. Another Theertham is Soma
Theertham, which was created by Moon God is present a little away from the temple.
is strictly closed between 12 PM and 4 PM. This beautiful temple surely has
lots within itself for temple lovers.
(Moon) sthalam of the Navagraha worship. Once Moon God (Soman) was cursed by
King Dakshan and lost his beauty. Distressed by this, Soman penanced here
towards Lord Shiva, took bath in the Vinai Theerthan Kulam (the tank that
eliminates all bad karmas) at half a km to the west of this temple and
worshipped Shiva to regain his lost charm.
When the temple was being built, invaders came and the King prayed to God, who
then asked Nandhi to go out and counter the enemies. Nandhi, without getting up
from his place, vanquished the invaders just by blowing out his breath in
force. With this, Nandhi got over-confident and thought that he was better than
the Lord Himself. So he was made to be in the same position (looking at the
opposite side) permanently by the Lord.
Sources say that a sage named Somanathar attained Jeeva Samadhi at the feet of
Lord Nandhikeswarar, who is believed to have guarded Soman against any
disturbances while doing penance.
temple was built by the Chola king, Klothunga, in 1073 A.D. This has the
Gajaprashta (look of the back of an elephant) vimanam. It is believed that 108
shiva temples have been built by the same king. Thirumazhisai, Somangalam,
Manimangalam Dharmeshvarar and Mannivakkam (maniaandi, as it is called) are
some of the temples of that group in this region. This has Somanatheeswarar as
the main deity with the Chandra adorning Shiva.
Inside the main sanctum, there is an unique statue of Lord Muruga in Brahma
sastha form with gindi in one hand and aksha mala in another hand. Once Brahma
was put behind bars by Subramania himself and he took charge of the work of
creation for 3.75 nazhi. During that period babies were born beautifully and so
Murugar is also called Azahan. It is said that there was a separate Kandaswamy
temple housing this Subramaniar and when the temple became dilapidated in due
course, He was brought into this temple. There is also another shrine for
Murugar with His consorts in the outer praharam built later in 1935.
Natarajar as Chathura thandava moorthy is present in the sanctum. Chathuram
(square) is the shape of moon god that coincides with the Chathura thandavam of
Natarajar. There are separate shrines for Ganesha, Surya, Bairavar,
Dhakshinamurthy, Vishnu and Goddess Durga. There are inscriptions belonging to
5 different time periods but some of them have been painted over in the process
lies at about 35 kms south west of Chennai city. One can take the route from
Tambaram via Kishkinta to reach Somangalam. The better alternative is to take
the road from Pallavaram going to Kundrathur. After reaching Kunrathur junction,
one has to take left (towards south) to reach Somangalam. Somangalam is about10 kms from Kundrathur. Also plenty of busses ply from Porur directly to
is an ancient, beautiful village having a temple for Lord Shiva. The main deity
here is Sri Somanaadheeswarar and Goddess Sri Kamakshi Amman.
is one of the Navagraha temples of Chennai (Thondai Mandalam) devoted to Sri
Chandra Bhagavan (Moon God). According to legend, once, Sri Chandra Bhagavan
(also called Soman) is said to have got cursed by Dhakshan. As a result, he
lost his divine charm and forgot all 16 form of arts he acquired. To come out
of this, He is said to have created a pond here called Soma Theertham and worshipped
Lord Shiva here. After this, he got back his beauty and wisdom. As Sri Soman
(Sri Chandra Bhagavan) worshipped the Lord here, Lord Shiva here is called Somanaadheeswarar and the place came to be known as Somangalam.
is a Parihaara Sthalam for those having any Dhosham related to Chandra
Bhagavan. Sri Chandra Bhagavan has a separate shrine in the temple, facing
Chandra and water related dhoshams, mind and water related problems like Cold,
Asthma, mental sickness etc., can worship Somnatheswarar and Chandra here to
come out of their problems. Also it is believed that Lord Somanatheeswarar
blesses people with timely marriage, progeny, peaceful and healthy life.
Theertham: Soma theertham (Vinai theerthan
kulam) at half a km to the west of the temple, created by Moon God and
Chandeeswara Theertham adjacent to the temple created by Chandeeswarar.
Temple Timing: 8 AM to 10 AM and 5 PM to 7 PM. It is preferred to
visit the temple only in the mornings.
Sri Somanaadheeswarar Temple,
Somangalam, Kundrathur, Chennai 602109. Contact Number - 04427178330.
- Do pray your Ishta Devata before pilgrimage to Temple.
- Do contact Temple Devasthanam information centre for enquiry, temple information and for Pooja details etc.
- Do reserve your travel and accommodation at Temple well in advance.
- Do bath and wear clean clothes before you enter the temple.
- Do concentrate on God and Goddess inside the temple.
- Do maintain silence and recite Om Namahsivaya or your Istamantram to yourself inside the temple.
- Do observe ancient custom and traditions while in Temple.
- Do respect religious sentiments at Temple.
- Do deposit your offerings in the hundi only.
- Do not come to Temple for any purpose other than worshipping of God and Goddess.
- Do not smoke at Temple.
- Do not consume alcoholic drinks at Temple.
- Do not eat non-vegetarian food in the Kshetram.
- Do not approach mediators for quick Darshanam. It may cause inconvenient to others.
- Do not carry any weapon inside the temple.
- Do not wear any head guards like helmets, caps, turbans and hats inside the temple premises.
- Do not perform Sastanga Pranama inside the Sanctum Sanctorum.
- Do not take much time while performing Sparsa Darshanam to God in Garbhagriha.
- Do not buy spurious prasadams from street vendors.
- Do not encourage beggars at Temple.
- Do not spit or create nuisance in the premises of the temple.