This is the 101st Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in hymns.
Lord Shiva in the temple is a swayambumurthy. Sun God dedicates his puja to Lord on Panguni 18, 19 and 20 in March-April with his rays submitted on Lord Shiva. This is the only temple where Sun stands before Lord enjoying His darshan.
There are 3 Chandikeswaras in the prakara. Behind the goshta wall are Lord Maha Vishnu and Sri Anjanya side by side.
Very Ancient Temple. it facing East. Five rajagopuram are there. The entrance of first gopuram had a kodimaram, vinayagar, nandhi, palipeedam, Ambal temple is situated near to the vasantha mandapam facing south.
Acossing the second gopuram vinayagar, murugan, Gajalaxmi sannathi are there to worship. Natraja saba are there. Near to that bairavar, suryan, chandiran and navagraham are there. Murugan in this temple is consider and worship varaprasatha moorthy.
After worshiping dwarabalakar and vinayagar and enter into the sannnithi to worship swambu moorthhy. Opposite to moolavar nandhi, palipeedam.
This is the place where Sun was relieved of his doshas, hence noted for its importance to perform rituals for the ancestors. Pithur dosha may fall on one due to the adverse aspect of any planet. Those born on Karthika, Uthiram, Uthiradam star days, those undergoing Sun main period in life, those born under Leo ascendant and Rasi and in the months Chithirai (April-May), Aavani (September-October), Aipasi (October-November) and on the first day of any Tamil month, pray here on the first Sunday of the full moon fortnight to get relieved from all adverse aspects affecting them.
Once, Sun God known as Parithi in Tamil was affected by a severe disease. He surrendered to Lord Shiva for relief. Lord advised Sun to reach this place, create a holy spring, install a Shivalinga and worship Him.
Sun meticulously followed Lords advice and gained relief from the disease. As Lord Shiva graced the Sun, He is named Parithi Appar in Tamil and Bhaskhareswara in Sanskrit.
The other story is that Emperor Shibi, belonging to Lord Sri Ramas Surya dynasty in the ascending order, renounced his royal life and set out on a pilgrimage of Shiva sthalas.
He is the king who rendered justice to a dove offering his own flesh. During the pilgrimage, the emperor was relaxing at this place. His escort was gathering grass for feeding the horse. While he dug the land for grass, his instrument touched the Shivalinga below and began to bleed.
The king ordered for further digging and found the Surya Linga. He performed abishek to the Linga and worshipped. A scar on the Linga is still an evidence of this event, according to sthala purana. The emperor learnt the origin of Linga from a sage.
The Linga installed by Sun was brought out to the world through one belonging to his own dynasty. The rays of Sun fall on Lord during March-April (Panguni Tamil month on 18, 19 and 20).
Akshaya Thrithiya, Masi Ratha Sapthami in February-March, 10 day Panguni Surya puja in March-April are the festivals celebrated in the temple.
The temple is open from 6.30 a.m. to 12.30 a.m. and from 3.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.