Thirumangalakudi is known as Panchamangala Kshetra. The name of the place is Mangalakudi. The Goddess is Mangalambika. The tower is Mangala Vimanam. The Holy Water is Mangala Theertham. The Vinayaka is Mangala Vinayaka. Everything in the temple is but Mangala Prosperity.
Lord Prananadeswara is a Swayambu exsisting of His own. Goddess is all blessingful. There is no special place for the Navagrahas here. It is believed that the the planets in the Suriyanar Temple are the ones belonging to this temple. It is in Thirumangalakudi temple that even the Planets got relieved of their curses.
The Lord has three faces representing human, animal and bird is own forms, a rare one not found in other temples. Here, Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Protector, Sage Agasthya, Sun, Akashvani, Mother Earth worshipped the Lord.
There are two holy waters here called Chandra theertham and Suriya Theertham. There are two Nataraja Sannidhis here. This was renovated by Kualothunga Chozha in the 5th Century. The temple is administered by Thiruvavaduthurai Adheenam.
This is the 38th Shiva temple on the northern bank of Cauvery mentioned in Thevaram hymns.
Alaivanar, a minister of King Kulothunga Chola built this temple without the sanction of the king using the revenues of the state. Knowing this, king ordered to behead the minister for his act. The minister had already instructed his men to take him to Tirumangalakudi for cremation.
His wife fell at the feet of Mother Mangalambica and begged that her husband to awake alive and promise the longevity of her mangal sutra. A voice was heard that her prayer would be responded. The minister woke up alive and healthy. He rushed to Lord, embraced Him crying Jeevadhayaka. Lord Prana Natheswara is worshipped as Jeevadhayaka also.
The minister and his wife prayed to Lord that all women should be blessed with Mangalya longevity. Lord and Mother granted this boon to the minister couple.
The Bana of the Linga in the temple is taller than the Avudayar. There is also an idol in the temple called Purusha Miruga (an animal) with human, animal and bird faces.
10 day Panguni Uthiram Brahmmotsavam with wedding festival on the second day is the important festive event of the temple. Monthly Sankatahara Chaturthi, Kruthikai, pradoshams, Deepavali, Makar Sankranti, Tamil and English New Year days are observed with special abisheks, pujas etc. Special abishek and pujas are dedicated to Lord Bhairva on Ashtami days in new moon fortnight.
The temple is open from 6.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.