Uthamar Kovil (also known as Thirukkarambanoor or Bhikshandar Kovil) in Uthamarkoil, a village in the outskirts of Tiruchirappalli in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma.
Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th to 9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Purshottamar and his consort Lakshmi as Poornavalli.
Purushottamar is believed to have appeared to Hindu gods Brahma and Shiva, to relieve Shiva off his sins committed while cutting one of Brahma's heads. The temple is one of the few historical temples in India where the images of Hindu trinity, Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma are housed in the same premises.
It is one of the two temples in Chola Nadu where the trinity can be seen in the same premises, the other being Hara Saabha Vimocchana Perumal Temple at Thirukkandiyur.The temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions from Vijayanagar kings and Madurai Nayaks.
A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all its shrines, while the temple tank is located outside the main gateway.Six daily rituals and four yearly festivals are held at the temple for each of trinities. The major festival of the temple, the Brahmotsavam, is celebrated during the Tamil month of Kartigai.
In Sri Purushothaman Perumal Temple Lord Shiva,Paarvathi, Brahma (Naan Mugan),Saraswathi Ramar,Hanuman, Alwars has separate sannadis. The specialty of this stalam is, here Lord Vishnu, Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva are collectively known as Mum murthigal. This stalam is also known as Kadama kshetram. Kadambam means mixture of things.
Here Lord Shiva and Vishnu both are in same temple so this temple is called as Kadamba Kshetram. Which explains that Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu both are same. Here Lord Vishnu is called as Uthamar and Lord Shiva is called as Pikshandanar. So this temple is also known as Uthamar Kovil.
Sri Purushothaman Perumal Temple is located in Thirukarambanoor, 8 kms from Trichy and 3.5 kms from Sri rangam. In this temple Lord Vishnu is calleda as Purushothaman and Goddess is called as Pooranavalli.
Once Lord Shiva got angry with Lord Brahma because both of them has five heads, So Lord Shiva picked brahma's one head from his body. So he got "Brahmagardhi Dhosham" So he lost all of his wealth and he stated beg for food in kabaalam.
So Lord Shiva is called as Pichchai Andavar. To get relief from this curse Lord Shiva has to fulfill the kabaalam with Bitchai. So he visited all Divya Desams to get relief from the sin. At the time Goddess Mahalakshmi put bitchai to him and his kabaalam got fulfilled and he got rid from his sin.
Its very rare to find temples where all the three Trinities Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva blessing in the same temple. Eventhough if there is not so many temples for Brahma Devar, it is also to be noted that there is no temple without a niche of Brahma.
Emperor Dasaratha performed a yagna here and Sree Rama was born to him. The Childless Couples are blessed with Progeny. Its believed that as per Vishnu's instructions Brahma does not refuse anything here.
The Sapthaguru' or seven forms of Guru at this Temple have been aptly christened with a specific idol dedicated to each of the form. Thus, Lord Dakshinamurthy represents Sri Sadasiva Guru or Sri Siva Guru; Lord Brahma represents Sri Brahma Guru; Sri Soundarya Parvathy stands for Sri Sakthi Guru; Sri Brahaspathy assumes the form of Sri Deva Guru; Sri Varadarajaperumal is called Sri Vishnu Guru; Sri Subramanyar as Sri Gnana Guru; and Sri Sukrachariar as Sri Asura Guru.