Thiru Parameswara Vinnagaram or Vaikunta Perumal Temple is a temple dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu, located in Kanchipuram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th - 9th centuries AD.
It is one among the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Vaikuntanathan and his consort Lakshmi as Vaikundavalli.
The region was once known as Vidharba Desa ruled by King Virocha. Due to a curse incurred in his past birth, he had no issues. A staunch Shiva devotee, he prayed to Lord Kailasanatha in Kancheepuram conducting a yajna.
Lord Vaikunda Perumal-Paramapada Nathar graces the devotees in standing, sitting and reclining form from under the Ashtanga-Mukunda Vimana. Sanctum Sanctorum and the first prakara-corridor are of Kudavarai type built with sand rock.
The temple is called Mummada Koil. Mother blesses the devotees from a shrine facing east in the front Mandap. Divine serpent Adisesha is under a two joint trees in the prakara.
Lord Shiva made the Dwarapalakas of Lord Vishnu to be born as the kings sons. Though born as the princes, they continued to be devotees of Lord Vishnu and conducted a yajna for the welfare and prosperity of the people of this region. Pleased with them, Lord Vishnu granted darshan as Vaikundanatha to the princes.
This Divya Desam is the celebrated Vaikuntha Perumaal Temple, built by the Pallava Emperors who also built the Kailasanathar Temple at Kanchipuram.The Moolavar here is Vaikuntha Nathan or Paramapada Naathan in a seated posture facing west, and Taayaar here is Vaikuntha Valli in a separate shrine.
This temple is regarded as a grand specimen of Pallava architecture. It has a three layered Ashtanga Vimanam. The lowermost level enshrines the seated image of Vishnu, while the ones above enshrine Vishnu in reclining and standing postures respectively.
The images in the upper levels are not worshipped. (This is similar to the arrangement in the Koodalazhagar temple at Madurai). This temple was constructed by Nandi Varma Pallavan II (717 - 779 CE) and it covers an area of about 3 acres. This is an ancient Pallava temple; the monolithic pillars in the inner prakaram are noteworthy.
Moolavar :Paramapada Nathar (Vaikunda Perumal )
Amman / Thayar :Vaikundavalli
Theertham : 1000 theerthams
Agamam / Pooja: Vaikanasam
Old year : 1000-2000 years old
Historical Name : Parameswara Vinnagaram