The temple is praised in the hymns of "Gnansambandar Thevaram"He Lord Shiva has the trident, has the sacred ash on Him He caused the death of
God of Death He is my Father with beautiful long hair smelling sweet Graces
from Kuranganilmuttam surrounded by fragrant gardens. This is the sixth temple
on the banks of Cauvery in Thondai Mandalam region praised in Thevaram hymns.
Festivals celebrated in the temple:
Lakhadeepam (one lakh lamps) in Tirukarthikai (November-December)
Shivarathri and Annabishekam in Masi (February-March)
The rays of Sun fall on the Lord on certain days in the month ofChithirai (April-May). The temple is situated on the southern bank of Palaru river.
There are sculptures of the three on the pillars of the temple depicting their worships.
Presiding deity Sri Valeeswarar graces in the form of Swyambulinga facing West.
Devotees pray to Lord seeking release from sins, for wisdom and intelligence, and remedy from the effects Saturn aspects.
Married women and pregnant women offer bangles to Mother before they wear them. They believe the prayer would reward them child boon and safe delivery of the child. They also pray to the mother for relief of Balarishta doshas of Children. Balarishta (Bala-children, arishta-illness) is an adverse effect on the new borns according to planetary situations at the time of birth lasting for some years according to astrology.
Koyyamalar Nather: When the monkey king Vali came to worship the Lord, he did not want to pick the flowers by hand but shook the tree making the flowers fall on the Lord. Koyya-not picked, Malar-flowers. As the Lord was worshipped with such direct flowers, He got the name Koyyamalar Nathar. Sugarcane juice is used for abhishek in the belief that our life would be as sweet as sugarcane. It is also said that birds and animals having just five senses also worshipped Lord Valeeswara and gained six senses.
Mother with bangles: Mother Irayarvalai Ammai graces from a separate shrine facing west. Vali, Indira and Yama the God of Death worshiped Mother before worshipping the Lord seeking her recommendation to Lord to grace them. Valai means yielding in this context. That the Mother yields to the devotees, brought Her the name Irayar Valai Ammai. Saint Ganasambandar had praised the Mother in his hymns.Valai also means bangles. Married and pregnant women offer the bangles to the Mother before they wear them hoping that they will be blessed with children and their deliveries would be safe.
Salvation land: Yama the God of Death was in the form of a crow before worshipping Lord Shiva, scratched the land and made a spring, bathed and worshipped the Lord then. The spring was made in the shape of a new moon in the semicircle form surrounding the temple on three sides while the Lord is seated on a rock on the plain side. The spring is called Kakkaimadu theertham and Vayasaidmadu theertham. (Kakkai in Tamil and Vayasam in Sanskrit means crow). Yama is the authority of Planet Saturn. Those seeking relief from adverse aspects of this planet, worship Lord Shiva.
Saint Gnanasambander mentions this temple as Kuranganilmuttam and Paravavahai Veedu, meaning that the devotee is liberated from the cycle of births and deaths.